Dear Energy Professional, Dear Colleagues,
Large domestic coal reserves are also waiting for exploitation in nearby vast Afsin Elbistan basin, also in Adana Tufanbeyli and Konya ILGIN. We can have sustainable, environmentally friendly electricity generation with clean coal technologies and also gain positive social impact on our economy. These are not so easy with today's market logic. A Master Plan for the regional development must be prepared for the region. Master Plan should cover a region of Konya Karapınar, Elbistan, Adana Tufanbeyli, even Sivas Kangal lignite coal mines.
Karapınar lignite coal mine is discovered in the past few years. We were advised by local media sources that there are a number of seriously interested investors already mobilized to exploit the new coal resources. Coal mine is in a remote area, scarce population and limited agricultural activity nearby.
Ball-park maximum total US$ 2 billion investment (for each 1400 MWe TPP unit) may be paying off in approximately less than 8-10 years (with overall 33% plant efficiency, at 6500 hours of total operation per year). That is electricity generation from your own resources. No need for imports. There is no negative impact on Current Account Deficient (CAD).
Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model could be developed, since public can handle certain major problems, such as water supply, river bed changes, relocation of local people, project guarantees.
High moisture content in available coal makes Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) technology very difficult to implement. New clean coal technologies can be applied. Hence Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC), oxy-firing, underground gasification technologies should be investigated.
Treasury had previously received government- to- government guaranteed loans. Today such loans are no longer applicable. Today's most popular financing is “Non-recourse” financing application. In this model, a project company is formed separate from investors; it is established by calculating the life of the project and the costs of credit given to the project company. So that project cost does not affect the sponsors' own budgets.
There are many local engineering companies who can use the latest available clean coal technologies. There are also reputable local universities who are using academic version of thermal power plants software within an increment of the commercial application with one important precondition that they should mention the name of the software in their academic articles. We have many new M.Sc. and Ph.D. dissertations which used the academic thermal power plant design softwares.
CFB is possible but we also need enrichment up to 2000 kcal/kg LHV, or approx. 4000 BTU/lb HHV. Available references elsewhere are not compatible with the coal.
Similarly IGCC needs further academic investigations prior to any commercial applications. Oxy-fuel is theoretically possible but we do not have any reliable practical research.
Please do note that those foreign off-the-shelf foreign designs are obsolete, they do not work. East Asian supplies are worse. Cheap East Asian workforce is not available anymore due to changes in the local legislation to promote more local employment.
In Karapınar, Clean Coal Technologies can create great opportunity for all interested local parties to enable them to learn from past mistakes, to investigate possible/ applicable technologies plus implementation of applicable “non-recourse” financing schemes, to investigate and assess available intellectual capability of the local human resources.
Local Coal is our future for our energy security; therefore we need to allocate more academic and commercial funds in order to have more research on design and development of local fuel resources that will enable to fire available local coal best in our own design thermal power plants.
Happy and Prosperous New Year to you all!