Tuesday, February 09, 2016

#BernieSanders, #NHPrimary


Is America ready for a Jewish president?

US presidential candidate Bernie Sanders is getting serious in public opinion polls. It is so exciting to watch debates, polls, and speeches, on CNN, NBC, ABC, and BBC TV channels early in the morning our time, similar to watching a football match.

Bernie Sanders (74) is a New York native, Jewish American born in 1941. He received his graduate diploma in Political Science from the University of Chicago. Formerly, he was a mayor and member of the House of Representatives, and he is currently serving as Vermont Senator, as he has been for the last two terms. Public polls rate him better than both Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. Bernie Sanders has received humble donations from workers, their trade unions, and from individual voters. Hillary’s donations are from major corporations, big banks, and financial institutions, which are called super PACs.

During the Vietnam War, a young Bernie Sanders declared himself a "conscientious objector" and did not participate in the Vietnam War. Thus, we know that he is against war. In congress, he voted against the war in Afghanistan, Iraq and even against to war in Syria. In personal armament he is quoted saying, "Guns alone do not kill people, the people who use gun kills other people, so you must protect people's mental health." That is a practical approach since his constituency in Vermont is located in forest land and gun ownership is important for personal safety in Vermont.

He offers to promote the general health insurance system for all to facilitate full access. He says he is a "self-declared socialist, or social democrat, proud to be Jewish but not too religious." In his youth, he spent three months in an Israeli kibbutz in summer time. He speaks basic Hebrew. Occasionally, he is against Israeli war policies but he agrees that Israel has the right to defend its citizens.

He does not have a lot of experience in world politics. His career has focused on domestic politics. No matter whether or not Bernie Sanders will be the next US president, his rival Hillary Clinton will probably be the foreign minister (Secretary of State).

If elected president, care for the environment, global warming, and climate change will most likely be of extreme importance. "Climate change is the greatest security threat to the United States," he says. The Environment Impact Assessment will have extreme importance to EIA standards, in order to increase the new investments for thermal power plant environmental equipment. Bernie Sanders will promote investments in renewable energy, hydro, wind, and solar.

There will be a pollution tax on coal and fossil fuel firing thermal power plants. That will discourage new thermal investments. Investors will escape from fossil fuels and shale gas (fracturing) investments will be discouraged. Environmental, water, air, and soil contamination will be prevented. Long distance gas transmission pipelines (Keystone) will be stopped.

His paternal family and his mother were Ashkenazim East European Jewish immigrants at the turn of 20th century. His paternal relatives that remained in East Europe during World War II disappeared in the Holocaust. Bernie has been married twice. He has an adult son from a woman he dated between his two marriages. He has three stepchildren from his current wife, whom he calls his own.

He has a practical approach to nuclear energy. In Vermont nuclear plant wastes in their selection, he supported the decision to transport nuclear waste from Vermont nuclear plant to the Texas town of Sierra Blanca, which is a poor Hispanic community.

Immigrant American citizens who have recently arrived (including Turkish Americans), disadvantageous minorities, women, the elderly, and retirees vote for Democrats. Weapon manufacturers and rich whites are Republican. Democrats generally remain distant from Turkey, whereas Republicans are closer to Turkey. If Hillary Clinton wins, she will continue the same policy of Barack Obama, she does not offer anything new. But still, she has been unable to give an account on the Benghazi Libya events, in which she was responsible for the loss of the US ambassador.

The US is preparing to have a Jewish senator become the next president, but is the world ready for it? Is our region ready? Jewish Americans have run for president twice, but have failed to succeed in the past. We all are tired of the same family names. Bernie Sanders, with his pacifist tendencies, may be a better choice for our geography for cooling down our unnecessarily bitter relations with the Russians in Syria. Who knows, opportunities may arise for a new formation in the warming relations with Israel, Egypt, and with our neighbors.

Could the castle of capitalism, the US, be run by a socialist/social democratic/Jewish president? Large companies, powerful banks, owners of fossil fuel power plants – would they allow the election of such a man? While the Communist Soviet Union has dissolved and is switching to a market economy, is it likely that the US will be led by a socialist president? Maybe we'll organize panels, invite foreign scholars, and even call US embassy officials to talk.

---

Haluk Direskeneli is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public and private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, and sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as a freelance consultant/energy analyst with thermal power plants and basic/detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of the ODTÜ Alumni and the Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

Ankara, 28 January 2016


Sunday, February 07, 2016

Why Memoirs Are So Important?



Why Memoirs Are So Important?

Sometimes I listen to a story from a friend that I wish to have that story in writing. When people get older, they get the fear of being forgotten. No matter how powerful, rich, famous, smart, effective they are, when they reach to old age, nearing extinction, all this power, wealth, reputation are lost. Then they rush to write their memories, their accomplishments, describing their presence to the next generations. They initiate to create documentation efforts to create a book.

I knew a medical doctor. He was influential, well-known, very rich person. He had terminal illness. He opened a personal blog page on the Internet, he wrote his memories until the last days of his life. A few years later, during a google search I came across his blog, he was able to finish the his childhood memoirs.

Over internet communication, I recently received letters of a retired general manager in the Treasury. He disclosed his important letters to public without any further delay during his old age. Those letters covered confidential information of the long past periods of Nixon, Kennedy, explaining his young career, his inaccessible power, his broad influence, his accomplishments during his tenure as IMF rep in Philippines during retirement. This texts were then confidential in the past, but not confidential any more today. Now it does not matter, only future historians will benefit.

We had an old uncle. He held an important post in one important ministry for many years as general manager. We were close, but he did nothing to help us. He escaped especially when we needed his assistance. He spent the last years of his life in bed. A young scholar asked his permission to record his memories. Young scholar created audio tapes to record his days in his active senior bureaucratic period of his life. These records are now in the researcher's personal library. He may publish a book when appropriate.

When I was working for an US- Turkish JV company, we hired American General managers for two consecutive 4-year terms. Company paid them $ 12.500 per month plus expenses (car, rent, traveling). I worked closely with them as the company sales manager. They completed their terms and returned to their homeland. Then we heard they died. Both have died from terminal lung disease. There was nothing left as written document on their back, as if these people have never existed. By Google scan, we can barely find their names on our technical articles as co-author, and in our English press release.

I notice a trend of our aging rich writing memories with the help of ghost writers. They say, "I came into this world, I've done a lot of work for the community, I earned money, I employed people. Do remember me". Due to their advanced age, memories are fading. Old events are difficult to remember. Digression comes again, clarity and details are lost in those memories.

Margaret Thatcher, Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton, Tommy Blair, Mikhail Gorbachev, Henry Kissinger in particular, all the western leaders, they wrote memories after they left power.

Çanakkale 1915 war memories are another example. British General Ian Hamilton (Gallipoli Diary, 1920), then the German General Otto Liman von Sanders (Der Kampf um Die Dardanelle of 1927) wrote books an war.

Young journalist Rushen Ashraf spent one full week in 1919 with Mustafa Kemal bey in his Şişli apartment to collect Dardanelles memories.His notes were made public first in the daily newspaper and then printed as a book, that book made Pasha a living legend.

Turkish writers Aziz Nesin, Sabahattin Ali, Orhan Veli, Ahmed Hashim are much more immortal. Aziz Nesin's childhood memories, Ahmet Hashim's collected 20-articles which he wrote during his medical treatment in Germany in the 1930s for "Frankfurt Diary" are very impressive books even today. Sebahattin Ali's novels are still in the best selling list. My last reading addiction Austrian writer Stefan Zweig (1881-1942) left behind magnificent books. Socrates, Aristotle and Machiavelli call us from many centuries before.

Queen writes her memories every night with pen. Without any interruption, every night, she writes in her handwriting her impression of that day, records for future authors. I watched a documentary TV program about her writings. All her writings will remain secret for the next 50-years, then it will be published later to be the source for academicians, researchers, and historians.

A school friend of mine was working in Russia for last 12-years. He had set up an office there. He employed local people. When Russian SU-24 aircraft was downed on 24 November 2015, he says that he is finished commercially. He lost everything he had in Moscow. "I understood that I was a balloon. They stuck a needle. Then they burst my business, my property, my office. It is all over. They do not give me entrance visa, so I can not go there. I can not manage my job. I reset almost everything. I have to restart again here", he says. He almost lost all of his last 12-year work, jobs, contracts, references, connections, wealth.

In our geography, writing memoirs is not very desirable, not recommended. "Sometime, someone may get angry of my writings, a legal responsibility may arise and they may harm my kids." That is the fear behind.

However, when we get older, we get more comfortable to disclose our experiences, our records, our memories to share. As time goes by, we can laugh at ourselves. These virtues are generally not valid rules accepted in our region.

Americans say, "Learn from the mistakes of others, you do not have sufficient time to learn from your own mistakes".

I share my stories in thermal power plant construction phases. I tell the young engineers of the tender bidding process. Those stories sound like a fairy tales for them. I believe that memoirs / biographies are very important. It is more important for our society that the same mistakes are repeated over and over again throughout the year. Life is not long enough until we can experience everything. We must benefit from the experience of others.

Details of the letters of retired general manager of Treasury had reminded me all these thoughts. I would be grateful if you could let me know your expectations, thoughts, recommendations. If you want to send a direct message, my email address is always available for your access.

---
Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

Ankara, 08 February 2016

Thursday, January 28, 2016

Donald Trump, #GopDebate


2016 Republican Presidential Candidate.

Donald Trump is clever, well educated businessman, very perceptive, and too selfish personality. He was born in 1946 in NewYork city. He entered the Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania. He got graduate degree in Economics. Donald Trump is a successful real estate tycoon. He has luxury hotels, prestigious business towers, golf courses, entertainment enterprises, TV stations and publishing companies.

Donald Trump has married three times. He has five children. He is Presbyterian. His monetary wealth is estimated as more than US $ 4.5 billion. He had bankruptcy in his lifetime four times (Chapter 11) in the past. Over the years, his business practice is found not so ethical. If Donald Trump would be the next president in 2016 presidential elections, I'm sure that the world will face a very interesting situation.

US Political Analysts did not give any chance to late Ronald Reagan to be US president at the beginning. He surprised everyone and won the 1980 presidential elections, by beating Democratic President Jimmy Carter. During Jimmy Carter period, inflation figures were high, unemployment was high. Ronald Reagan had made happy not only his voters but all Americans in his 2-period 8-year tenure. He run economy successfully, he made peace with his rival super power Russians.

Under President Obama administration, US inflation rate is low less than 1.9% in late 2015, US unemployment rate is low at less than 5%. Public spending is low. since US Military involvement in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan is minimized. Economy is running in order. Is there any chance for Trump to win the presidential race in 2016? Who knows?

Donald Trump is the clear frontrunner in the recent opinion polls among Republican candidates. "Redneck" appealing mind will be US president if Redneck voters will choose him. "Redneck" is a heavy guy who worked under sunshine long hours to get red sunburn on his neck.
In the US jargon, "Redneck" is white, uneducated, relatively poor, conservative, racist, enemy of blacks, love guns, and much heavy drinking. "Redneck" in pure form is a term that is applied to rural folk, particularly in the US South, who toil in their fields and acquire a "red neck" from sunburn. It is also used to indicate persons of limited education, often racist views and a rather parochial perception of the world.

Donald Trump says he will repel Muslims, newcomer immigrants. He will support arms manufacturers. He will not hesitate to go war in case of any danger to US interests whether it would be in power dispute, or in energy resources. On the other hand, he doesn't care climate change, nor global warming. He will continue policies to fire fossil fuel firing thermal power plants.

Donald Trump is simplistic, demagogue, business opportunist, and too sarcastic toward his rivals. He is however with no ability to speak any foreign language other that his own mother tongue, with limited information on the world affairs. He goes everywhere by his own private jet in daytime. He returns to his NewYork apartment in Trump Tower to sleep in his own bed at night. Next morning he works to run his own real estate business.

Donald Trump is well-educated business personality. He had never run any political post in his life time. He has no political experience. He has not toiled doing agricultural labor under the hot sun. He does not drink. He fears alcohol because his older brother died of alcoholism at the age of 43. He is clever manipulator of the baser impulses in the American electorate. Trump is a cynical manipulation of a largely ignorant voting public.

Donald Trump by birth and education is far from a "Redneck". But he is willing to exploit the fears and prejudices of part of the electorate in a bid to gain the US presidency. Are we going to have much fun with Donald Trump? Shall we be sorry in the end? For Donald Trump, everything is so simple. Nuclear North Korea is a Chinese problem. Syrian civil war is a Russian problem.

Your writer would be voting for Bernie Sanders for his social democrat solutions. He will not be the final Democratic candidate. So your writer feels that Hillary Clinton would be the best choice for the presidency, not only for US voters but also for the world. However let us face the reality that Donald Trump is now a serious presidential contender for the next presidential elections in 2016, as noticed in #GopDebate. GOP woman candidate Carly Fiorina would be a better rival against Democrat Candidate Hillary Clinton, but she has lower rates in the last polls for #GopDebate.

In recent days, in #GopDebate between Republican candidates in the Fox News, Donald Trump could not respond to hard questions as asked by FoxNews anchorwoman Megyn Kelly. He could not respond why he so much humiliates women. He was so displeased that he preferred not to participate to the next debate. But there is no change in public opinion polls. He is still going ahead.

Your writer really wonders what Donald Trump's impact would be on our Middle East geography with so limited political and international experience. Let us know this reality and prepare ourselves accordingly.

Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

Ankara, 30 January 2016

Wednesday, January 13, 2016

Redneck Negotiation Protocol in the USA



In Spring 1999, I left the company where I worked for 15 years in Ankara. They said they were changing their track with me, a polite wording to fire an employee. I received my severance pay. Then with my wife, we went to Newport News in Virginia to stay with my late brother- Haldun for a while.

Haldun's had to go to his Washington DC headquarters office to clear some works. We went together. I made some business meetings with some potential companies in the Washington DC, for a new job. We stayed in DC a few days. We together toured the museums, visited Congress, took photos in front of White House. We drank coffee at a Café in Georgetown University district. We started way back in the late evening hours.

We had a second-hand Toyota sedan car. We drove on Interstate I-95S highway to south, then moved to Interstate I-64E highway east to our home in Newport News. Return drive would take 3-hours at average 55-65 mph speed. I took the driving steer to drive first. We had automatic transmission in the car, but I did not know the auto cruise control. It was late mid night dark at night. I had Turkish-style driving style with full attention to everything. Halfway over. I gave Haldun in the steering wheel. I bought the map of the motorway. We had no IPhone no GPS navigator, not like today. You have to give notice to the driver much prior to the motorway exit drive.

We were approaching to Newport News exit 255B on the interstate highway. You should move fast otherwise if you miss the exit, then you drive 25-30 miles more for U-turn. Prior to moving from Georgetown University cafe, I had strong black caffeinated coffee intravenously. Nevertheless, I still had fatigue. I noticed the exit plate at the last minute. I informed Haldun.

Haldun quickly broke the steering wheel to the right. On the way out as if to punish drivers, the highway contractor had made high sidewalks on both sides of the highway. We passed over. The car was shaken and left rear wheel exploded. At that time tubeless tires were not common. If a flat tire bursting full. We went on and stopped.

It was 03:00 hours late midnight. We pulled the car over, we put a lighted fuse on highway. We download the suitcase in the trunk, we remove the spare tire standing at the bottom. Haldun had never tire change until then. I was the classic Turkish chauffeur. I changed at least once a punctured tire on a long highway roads. We together changed the exploding tire very quickly with the spare wheel. We continued on the road. We came home, we were tired, we went to bed we slept.

The next day, Haldun wanted to get new tire. He said there is point to risk if tire explodes again. We had new spare tire on the wheel. We would not need to buy a new tire for the spare wheel. There was no snow in Virginia. They always use 4-season tire. A second-hand used, relatively new, with some teeth, could be a cheap solution for a spare tire.

Haldun accepted my proposal as reasonable. We had no internet, no google at that time. We checked the phone book to call auto spare parts dealers. The nearest was "Pete's Used Auto Parts" junkyard. We phoned, and asked, if they have the equivalent tire. Yes they had. We jump in the car, we found the address. It was a huge junkyard almost as big as a football field wide open space, all kinds of scrap auto parts ranked in a certain logic. More sensitive parts which could be affected by the sun, were stacked indoor area.

We named the tire brand and size, down from 4-5 years, we found on a tire rack. There was only one employee to help us. He was a wrestler type heavy guy, who could obviously has worked weightlifting in the past, but put weight on by releasing the sport, giving us reluctant answer. Haldun said to me, "This guy is a Redneck, be careful". "Redneck" is a heavy guy who worked under sunshine long hours to get red sunburn on his neck. "Redneck" is white, uneducated, relatively poor, conservative, racist, enemy of blacks, love guns, and much heavy drinking.

"Redneck" in pure form is a term that is applied to rural folk, particularly in the US South, who toil in their fields and acquire a "red neck" from sunburn. It is also used to indicate persons of limited education, often racist views and a rather parochial perception of the world.
"Redneck" told me the price of tire, $ 60. It would cost $15-20 for used tire not more. In Turkish style, I asked if would be"$40. $ 60 he repeated. $ 40, so I insisted. He received a facial expression as if I cursed the man.

Finally, he said "You have 2-minutes to decide, buy or then f*ck off". I left to negotiate, I went out. I called Haldun with silent agreement between us as close brothers, we left there. We went to the nearby Sam's Club supermarket, we purchased new tire for $ 120. We also had 4-wheel tune-up and balance.

***

In our geography, our cultural procedures do not fit them. Americans see our negotiation protocol as fit to "carpet- merchants". That is not only in Turkey, but all Middle -East region has such bargaining culture. Iran is a worse case, they never stop negotiation even after they sign the contract.

Russians do not know bargaining since they come from long lasting Soviet system with no bargaining, where all prices imposed by the ruling administration. Ordinary people do not know the bargaining. Important commodity prices are fixed by the senior managers taking care of public interest, international relations. Academics, mathematicians, politicians put contribution on price determinations of natural gas, oil, coal for export.

Bargaining in American is simple. Americans sell fire-arms in open market place so easy. They reluctantly put compulsory registration for buyers of arm sales. We saw the same easy trend in other negotiations with the educated Americans.

At our geography, we have bargaining rituals. "Buy or leave" is not our style. Americans do not understand our negotiation protocol. That is unnecessary time consuming effort. They have "non-negotiable" red lines. In their international dialog, weather in politics, thermal power plant sales, military equipment deals, the same procedures they apply. So do note this differences at all times in negotiations with US parties.




Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

Ankara, 18 January 2016

Wednesday, October 14, 2015

What is the greatest national security threat to the United States?


What is the greatest national security threat to the United States?

On the evening of October 13, 2015, CNN organized the first Debate among Democrat Party 2016 Presidential candidates in the LasVegas CNN studio. In the Debate, there was an important question which revealed one growing importance in politics. The program moderator Anderson Cooper, asked the US Democratic Party presidential candidates,
"What is the greatest national security threat to the United States?"

Hillary Clinton said, "I think it has to be continued threat from the spread of nuclear weapons, nuclear material that can fall into the wrong hands."

Bernie Sanders, who is the new entrant to compete,
"The scientific community is telling us that if we do not address the global crisis of climate change, transform our energy system away from fossil fuel to sustainable energy, the planet that we're going to be leaving our kids and our grandchildren may well not be habitable. That is a major crisis." he said.

Bernie Sanders, reminds us the new British Labor Party Chairman Jeremy Corbyn. He served in the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate for many years. He is defined as "Self-proclaimed Social Democrat" and early polls say that he is the most popular Democrat candidate after Hillary Clinton. He is a senior Jewish American politician. Do rich American Jews vote for him? It is unlikely.

Ranking of the most important danger for the US, as "Climate Change" was very remarkable indication to put into the deal. Henceforth the other candidates will pay more attention to global warming, less burning of fossil fuels, and to the reduction of CO2 emissions. The rise of environmentalist politicians continue. The politicians who pay less attention or ignorant to environmental sensitivity, decrease their chances to win.

On the other hand, particularly in Europe and the US, there is no drastic measure yet taken to reduce carbon emissions, not to mention the scandal about VW's emissions. Global warming, does not concern at all the people of the United States. The price of gasoline is dropped to $ 1.95 per gallon. 5.6 liter V-8 motor vehicles are very popular. You can not find everyone, saying "Let us leave our big cars, and let's take a public vehicle".

Realities and needs of the people of Turkey are different. "There are a million issues to improve before the carbon emissions," you might say. Current Account Deficient is high, there is terror, fragile economy, market disturbance, difficulty in financing projects. According to world 2010 statistics, the US is still leading the way with 17 tons of annual CO2 emissions per person. Turkish latest figures were published for 4-5 tons per person per year.

However on each platform, the global warming is entering the agenda. US President Barack Obama, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and other G7 leaders have taken serious decisions about prevention of global warming in the latest G7 conference in Germany. In upcoming 20-November G20 leaders' meeting, this issue will certainly be on the agenda again. By reducing the use of fossil fuels, one should talk about price and market deterrence. Fossil fuels will be subject to import taxes, or the existing tax will be increased. Market observers foresee the escape from fossil fuels in the near future.

USA, China, India, South Korea, they put tax on imported coal they receive. They even have imposed the existing tax two- three fold. The purpose of the tax on imported coal, and fossil fuels provide market deterrence, subsequently to make indigenous and renewable energy sources more attractively priced.

This issue will surely be the G20 leaders meeting agenda in Belek. We, Turkish team, have to be prepared. G7 partners can make a decision. Countries that can not decide their strategies, are to adapt to the decisions of others.

Everywhere in the world, all fossil fuel firing thermal power plant investors are placed to avoid the domestic tax on imported coal by lobbying. They try to prevent tax. But that remains in the past.

In upcoming December 2015 Climate Change Conference to be held in Paris, it is expected to get commitments to reduce carbon emissions from each country. Each country is making own preparations in this regard. Turkey is also making preparations for sure. We, the people away from politics, do not know what the government and relevant ministries get prepared. But surely there is a preparation.

There are suggestions from various sectors in this regard. One of these proposals is put imported coal and imported natural gas to the carbon tax, to collect funds, then to utilize these funds for power from renewable energy sources - that are used in the development of energy generation from wind and sun sources. Thus, we can reach to the pronounced targets for carbon emissions, growth / development. Utilization of indigenous lignite and more renewable, domestic sources of wind- solar power, with local engineering are essential to realize more domestic manufacturing.

Investors are to make calculations and market predictions carefully to foresee the future of imported coal, and imported fossil fuels. If they can not foresee the future, they must share the risk with others by hedging to stay safe financially. If the control valve remains at the mercy of foreign countries, if your current account deficit is at unbearable levels, then you should stay away from imported fossil fuels in the future, and you should try to reduce your dependence.

There is no need for more investment in natural gas pipelines, no need for further investments on imported coal. It is all investors' risk. No matter what investors do, do as you wish, but please do keep us out of this, and do not come to public authorities to save you and pay you for your incorrect decisions.


Haluk Direskeneli is a graduate of the METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He has worked in public and private enterprises, in American, Turkish, and JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, in marketing, and in sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as a freelance consultant and energy analyst with thermal power plants as well as using his basic and detailed design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of the METU Alumni and the Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

Prinkipo, Istanbul, 29 September 2015

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