Tuesday, June 27, 2017

An Old Story of Steam Boiler Proposal

Together With Company in Tampere, Finland
In the second half of 1980’s, a rich local businessman with textile plants in Istanbul and Edirne, called us. In his textile plants, energy costs were getting high. To be competitive in the international markets, he was considering to invest in a new power plant to utilize cheap local coal available nearby to meet the energy and steam demand of the plants. Thrace Saray local coal has very low calorific value (1500-2000 kcal/kg LHV) and very high moisture content (50-60%). Our North American based joint venture partner advised that they had no matching thermal power plant designed for this coal.
We had no internet at that time. We reviewed available literature and technical magazines to find an appropriate boiler supplier with reliable references with similar coal firing experience in the world. Then we found a boiler company in Finland, in Tampere, called Tampella Oy. They were firing a similar coal with a new bubbling fluidized bed combustion technology at high output capacities. Today there is nothing left unknown for this technology. There are thousands of similar references in operation.
So we made first contact through a fax machine. The company asked for coal samples to fire in their test stand to see if they could design appropriate design to match combustibles. We transferred the request to our investor. Since they were textile exporters to Europe, it was very easy for them to mobilize for the transportation of 50-ton coal sample from a coal mine to Tampere, Finland. Then we made travel plans to go to Tampere to witness the coal firing tests in their laboratory. Today there are 2-daily Thy flights from Istanbul to Helsinki, but back then in 1980’s, we had only one flight per week.
So we chose the Lufthansa, Ankara-Munich- Helsinki route. From the Helsinki airport we took a train to the city center then moved to local train to Tampere for three more hours. We checked in our city hotel late at night. The next day, our Finnish company met us at the breakfast lounge, took us to their head office for an exchange of information. Then after lunch, we were invited to the test lab to observe the test combustion. The boiler design was consistent, the test was satisfactory. We drafted our cooperation and license agreements, agreed on scope split, an tentative timetable to finalize our joint proposal. The next day we returned home through the same route.
At that time, Finnish engineers had no international experience, all their references were in their home market. Their new basic design took some time to complete. Their income expectations were high above prevailing market prices. Anyway, they completed their design, priced their scope, and advised details of non-critical parts in our scope. So we made estimations to price our scope, plus a steam turbine and its auxiliaries, both scopes were brought together. Then we submitted our final joint proposal to our end customer in Istanbul.
During the evaluation period, Finnish engineers came to Turkey, visited us in Ankara, then we together visited the client in their Istanbul head office and Edirne plant.
The owner of the textile plant was an experienced mechanical engineer with a post-graduate degree from a reputable European university. He could speak English, French and German since. I suppose he could also speak Spanish and Italian.
In his Istanbul office, he had priceless oil paintings of famous painters from Ottoman period. From time to time, he was inviting me to his office and asking clarifications of our proposal, where I would often spend the whole day in his office. During that time, I was witnessing his daily work load, his business transactions, marketing sales, logistics, finance, operation, staff problems. Sometimes I had got a headache watching as his life was not enviable.
On the weekend, on Friday evening, he would fly to the west coast of Ireland, boarding on his ocean boat, with a 10-men professional crew for training to prepare for an upcoming international sailing race on the Atlantic ocean. On Monday morning he was back in his office.
In the end, our investor was not pleased with our high proposal price. Finnish engineers were not salesmen and they were not so responsive. Other competitors could not supply their counter proposals. All my documentation was stored in a single 3.5″ floppy disk in Word and Excel files. Since there are no longer available 3.5″ floppy disk readers slots in the existing PC computers, I had to transfer all those files to a USB stick to write this article. All letters, cooperation agreements, minutes of meetings, cooperation agreement, confidentiality agreements, estimation calculations were all stored on that 3.5″ floppy.
Today there is no need to transport coal samples abroad. There are test facilities in Turkish research institutes, Tubitak Marmara Gebze And in Metu Chemical engineering combustion laboratories. They have all the necessary facilities to test coal samples in bubbling and circulating fluid bed combustion chambers.
We had further contacts to understand the proposal evaluations, but it was not promising. There were no easy cheap, but unreliable far east proposals at that time. Due to ongoing economic difficulties, ups and downs of market forces, the investor company had gone into survival turmoil. The Finnish boiler company was sold to an US conglomerate together with all its technology and know-how.
I got peer criticism from my own company, “that coal was hopeless, with no possibility to fire, you wasted company resources and you furnished consultancy without getting paid”. I don’t think so. We proved that local coal could be fired with appropriate fluid bed technology. It was an intelligent game between us. We had demand, we had a sound design, and financing was available.
If the client was satisfied with design and price, we could end up with an order. We had an highly intelligent businessman, and we had the beauty of joint work.




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Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.
This article is written for the "EurasiaReview" news web site.
http://www.eurasiareview.com/author/haluk-direskeneli/

Ankara, 24 June 2017

Friday, June 09, 2017

Murat, Underclass Awards Program 2017 - freshman year


Sunday, May 28, 2017

2017-2018 New Season Opera Ballet Programs in Turkey





The Turkish State Opera and Ballet Company plans to present a new opera and ballet performances while deepening the the company's connection to its surrounding communities through world premieres, new and repertory productions, as the company announced their new season program recently in their web site. 
This season the opera ballet nights end at the end of May 2017. Afterwards, Istanbul, Izmir Ephesus and Antalya Aspendos summer festivals will be held in the open air seaside environments on warm nights. The new season will start at the beginning of October. 
We have a short summary review on the new opera ballet performances of the Turkish State Opera Ballet web page for you. We wanted to inform upfront the most important new performances in the new season.

"Simon Boccanegra" in Ankara, "Cosi fan Tutte" in Istanbul Süreyya opera, "Tannhauser" in İzmir Alhambra opera, "L'Elisir D'Amore" in Antalya opera, "Masked Ball" in Mersin opera and "I Paliacci" in Samsun opera will be staged. We have to watch all of them, even multiple times the new performances.

Ankara Opera House

Pelleas et Melisande, Claude Debussy (new)
Don Giovanni, Mozart
Simon Boccanegra, Giuseppe Verdi (new)
Zorba the Greek, Theodorakis (ballet)
Nutcracker, Tchaikovsky (ballet)
Giselle (ballet)

Istanbul Süreyya Opera House
Cosi fan Tutte, Mozart
L'incoronazione di Poppea, Claudio Monteverdi,
Ninetta, Rossini
Coppelia, Esmaralda, Three Musketeers (ballet)


Izmir Alhamra Opera House
Don Giovanni, Mozart
Against the wall (new)
Tannhauser, Richard Wagner (new)
Coppelia, Nutcracker, (ballet)


Antalya Opera House
Aida, Giuseppe Verdi
L'Elisir D'Amore, Gaetano Donizetti
Four-Seasons, Karamazov Brothers, Zorba the Greek (ballet)


Mersin Opera House
Gypsy Baron, Johann Strauss II
Masked Ball, Giuseppe Verdi
Frida, Count Dracula, Rhapsody in Blue (ballet)


Samsun Opera House
I Paliacci, Leoncavallo (new)
Le Rossignol, Stravinsky
Salome, Richard Strauss
Firebird, Stravinsky (ballet)
Carmen suite, (ballet)


At the time when conflicts, pessimism, divisions and war are all around us, your writers sincere feeling that the most important power that unite all people and cultures is music. Turkish Opera and Ballet invites audiences to discover the powerful experiences that great opera and ballet performances can provide. We are proud to see the artistic work and meaningful connections for opera lovers.
More information on Turkish State Opera and Ballet program can be found at web site www.dobgm.gov.tr

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Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

This article is written for the "EurasiaReview" news web site.
Ankara, 28 May 2017


Monday, May 22, 2017

1000 MWe Capacity Wind Power Plant Tender Specifications


The Turkish Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR) published the invitation of tender competition for Wind Energy Renewable Resource Power Plant (YEKA in Turkish) on April 13, in the Official Gazette and announced it to the public as well as to the all  interested parties. Applications for the tender will be made to the Directorate General of Renewable Energy of the MENR by July 27, 2017 at 12:00.
In the early application phase, a firm but temporary guarantee letter for one year which would be in full or partly cashable, at non-limit 10 (ten million US Dollars) will be submitted to the tendering institution.
The initial ceiling bid price of the contest will be  7.00 US cents / kWh, the electricity purchase period will be 15 years. Winner will receive the land, make the investment, install the wind power plant and sell the electricity to the vendor institution for 15 years at a fixed price.
Business Partnerships or Consortiums which are established by the legal entity or by more than one legal entity may apply.
In order to participate in the competition, the competitor must submit a work experience list of completion certificate showing the Wind Turbine generation with a total power of at least 2,000 (two thousand) MWe from 01/01/2014 until 31/12/2016 of the Technology Provider.
Do you know how many manufacturers have installed 2000 MWe RES all over the world in the last two years? Let us declare here the names of the top 10-largest producers for you and their market share in the world (2015) in a range from small to large,
Nordex Germany, 3.4%
Ming Yang, China, 3.7%
United Power, China, 3.9%
Gamesa, Spain, 4.6%
GE, USA, 4.9%
Sulzon Group, India 6.3%
Siemens Germany, 8.0%
Enercon Germany, 10.1%
Goldwind, China 10.2%
Vestas Denmark, 13.2%
Earlier it was not yet the last definitive official specification, so tentative draft  tenders for 1000- Mwe wind plants were shared with interested parties as "top secret". By way of example, independent private persons can prepare such draft documents.
A well-known senior manager in a well known Turkish-foreign joint venture company,  experienced master engineer brother, one day said to me, "If you start working after the tender documents have been sold out, you can not win that tender for sure."
Over time I saw how accurate this recommendation was. You will be involved in the preparation of the tender specifications. The sales people should  help the buyer. If you receive a request for help, you will answer immediately, you will help, you will be supportive. Most purchasers do not have enough experience nor enough time to get the necessary technical and commercial documents.
They ask for help from market vendors to prepare the tender documents. Vendors even prepare them directly. You have to be involved in helping to prepare the tender documents. In the meantime you will take your position. You will be looking for a local-foreign partner.
You will need English draft specifications for these tenders. You should prepare the draft if it is in the short notice, or sit down and write yourself. Tender documents are similar to each other. International tender specifications have standard items. It never changes. If you know the capacity, location, fuel specs, you can always write draft contract specifications by yourself.
Then you get out  in international markets with this draft specification. You can sign cooperation agreements. You will save time. The formation of a joint venture partnership requires at least 6 months. When the tender documents come out, vendor  will usually give you 90 days. Then vendor consumes at least 6-month evaluation. No sound offer can be made within 90 days.
Years ago, I prepared  a draft technical documents both in Turkish-English with the demands of the Ministry's employees for domestic coal-fired thermal power plant. I have used an outdated technical tender specification by renewing the name capacity location information. I have foreseen the design of the USA boiler specs so that we can take advantage of it, I filled the necessary standards with ASME, ASTM. Official final tender conditions were later added by German, Russian, Japanese standards by the administration staff to ensure tender equality.
In order to be able to pre-negotiate with foreigners and prepare early proposals, such preliminary texts are required for domestic firms. They have no official image. There is no possibility to wait for the final official tender specification to be announced, capacity is known, place is known, prevailing rules are known, main text is almost certain.  For the draft Wind tender for 1000 MWe, the solar power plant for 1000 MWe specification can be taken as basis. The draft specification can be made ready to be prepared. Now the final tender is already announced. So the official specification will apply for proposal for all interested parties. For any further information you require, please feel free to contact the authority.
Your comments are always welcome. Good Luck.

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Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.

This article is written for the "EurasiaReview" news web site.
http://www.eurasiareview.com/author/haluk-direskeneli/
Ankara, 22 May 2017




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Saturday, May 20, 2017

Victory Day Parades



Every country has a "Victory Day". It is 4th of July in America, July 14 in France, May 9 in Russia, and August 30 in Turkey. In Victory Day, the army of the country makes "Victory Parade" in their capital. We used to see the "Victory Day" in our own country. National TV had a holiday broadcasting of the Parade march all day.
In our childhood, we have gone to ceremonies of Victory Day in the Ankara Hippodrome. It was the common feature of these festivals that the noise of the soldiers' post, the fearless gaze of soldiers, while the military airplanes are flying over, along with the military helicopters, and the battle tanks.
Then we met the internet. Youtube.com has entered into our life. Surfers have begun to watch it all. Many views made it possible to watch the victory day parades in foreign countries. We access the Youtube.com web page and watch the individual victory days. Different preparations and images are emerging in all of them.
French Army make a difference with their brown aprons and slow walks that the French wear on their "Foreign Legionaries" uniform.
I am always amazed how the British queen's soldiers are moving in the heat with black big fur shanks and red thick uniforms. That's why there are so many unfortunate foot soldiers go unconscious during the royal ceremony.
Italians are in the mockery of opera music triumph. The cavalry's metal chest armors are shining in open sky daytime. Paramilitary forces come forward. The infantry regiment of the Italians, called "Bersaglieri", their fast-moving running troops are very famous. I love to watch them.
Germans are not doing anything very special. They walk in the standard order of the NATO armies. They are not more than we are. The ancient 19th century German Prussian army's march was transferred by German army advisers to the Chilean army in South America during the 19th century. Today you see the goose steps of the Wehrmacht Germany on the victory parade of the Chilean army.
The perfect walk of Chinese women soldiers in red uniforms is unbelievable especially during the Chinese victory parades. We are used to male soldiers' demonstration of victory parades, but we have to watch the flawless marches of Chinese female soldiers, it is unprecedented unique and very different.
Armies of friendly countries send guest units to the other nations' victory day.
North Korean female soldiers walking in the vibrating goose steps actually just creates smiles. There is no perfect effect.
It is normal for a male soldier to walk regularly in marching. It is very impressive that the regular and disciplined walk of many female soldiers.
US 4th of July ceremonies have civil image. There is no hard military show in the US 4th July victory day parades. Local civilian people, lıcal fire brigade, police, public institutions parade walks are more obvious.
Victory ceremonies performed by Americans in 1946 in New York and other major cities after World War II were very impressive. Now we can watch them in black and white.
In Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Egyptian, in many Other Arab countries, there is a tendency to military run in front of the protocol. The weather is very hot, the soldiers are jogging around in light military uniforms.
Iranians used to run in the past, and now they do not have this practice. Iran enjoys more of the modern military outfits, and mechanical battle equipment is preferred to show foreign military Attaches in the ceremony area.
Let's not forget that during the victory parade march of the Egyptian armed forces on October 6, 1981, a group of Egyptian rival troops in the march, united in front of the protocol and assassinated President Enver Sadat. Not only Egypt, that day all Arab troops lost credentials.
In the Israeli military ceremonies, the presence of women soldiers again draws attention. It is not easy to walk in warm weather of Israel in the military. In the evening, celebrations continue. Female soldiers have their military uniform skirts underneath their knees but the collar is open. The soldiers give female and male pop music concerts, along with singing folk songs on stage. They already have an alert army that stands guard in case of constant war.
On 9 May Victory Day in Moscow, soldiers of friendly countries have Red Square pass, the United States, Britain, France, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan. Here you can compare the ability to act together with the discipline of the guest-friendly group of individual armies in about 100 people.
The parade walk of Russian women soldiers from the Red Square is different. The walking manners of Russian women soldiers is also very impressive. All of the female soldiers are smiling at the protocol stand, giving their most beautiful images. Skirts on knees, standing troop boots or short heeled shoes. No weapons in hand.
All soldiers look at protocol stands with scary looks. Russian people do not usually laugh in general. Laughing or any smile is seen as weakness. Even in McDonalds shop in Moscow, you will find unsmiling salespeople. But that is not the case in the red square. All male and female soldiers are smiling at the protocol stand. Here's the explanation. It is a privilege to cross the Red Square during the Victory Day and to walk there. It is a great honor to be chosen for the parade walk.During the walk you need to be happy and to show this happiness with your smile. During the Second World War, black & white films of the 1941 Red Square march were very creepy. Eastern Siberian troops carried by trains from Siberia to Moscow were hiking in the Red square, then heading to the front to fight with German soldiers approaching Moscow. The most of them died on the same day. Striking images of the 90-thousand German soldiers who were captured after Stalingrad were sent to Siberia through the streets of Moscow. Only 6,000 soldiers could return to Germany. At the Moscow 1945 victory parade, one of greatest names of the Great Patriotic war, Marshal Zhukov's riding his white horse, the captured German flags, the victory images of the T34 battle tanks were not forgotten. Moscow May 9th is probably the benchmark for this business, in the Russian Red Square victory parade march. If we are looking for  to mend our relations with Neighboring countries, then we may also send a military team to these important days.
We may also invite the military troops of friendly countries to our victory days. Let's show ourselves, and let's see others.
In order to be able to survive in our uneasy geographical environment, it is necessary to have a strong and effective army with high deterrence capabilities by all means.
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Haluk Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department (1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.


This article is written for the "EurasiaReview" news web site.
http://www.eurasiareview.com/author/haluk-direskeneli/
Ankara, 24 May 2017

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