and Innovation in Turkey
we translate all documents of the American NASA Space Agency into
Turkish, then we bring all the space equipment to the vast Konya
Plain, how long does it take to go to the Moon? Never? No.
do we need more to accomplish that mission?
we have Research & Development (R&D) and Innovation works?
How effective? Yes, we have R&D centers in some commercial
private companies, in public institutions, and we have university
techno centers. As of March 2018, we have 74 Techno-parks. These
technoparks are obligatory to work at universities. Therefore they
are established at university campuses. Researchers, academicians,
students of the universities work there. They use university computer
backbone. Most of companies come here to find educated qualified
trained staff, to keep them at reasonable prices, to benefit from tax
exemptions. Rents are at 10-25 USD per m2 per month.
the last survey carried out in Ankara METU University Techno park,
the advantage of being in Techno park is revealed that it is
reversed. Corporations-institutions now come and stay in the Techno
park "in order to be able to access and retain qualified human
resources". Advantages of tax exemptions, fall into the second
priority. There are scarce number qualified specialists in some
areas. Those who go abroad for better financial returns. We can not
keep them within the domestic company-organization with existing work
nowadays, the work that only one person can do is limited, everything
has to be done by an expert team work.
wants incentives while doing R&D works. However incentives are
misguided or misused practice in everywhere. Persons who need to
receive incentives can not get proper incentives at the right time.
Those close to political will receive incentives. The most of the
time incentives are given for wrong projects. Incentives are always
abused all over the world.
our techno parks, 60-70% of works is on new software creation.
Because you do not need anything other than a simple desktop PC
computer and a person who knows computer technology. You do not need
large laboratories or large manufacturing test shops for research.
Everything starts from scratch around here. However, you should keep
in mind that the innovations are built on the old working software.
academicians and researchers who are working in techno-centers are in
need of key softwares. They do not have to invent an iPhone or an
intel chip so-called to rediscover America. You buy iPhone and look
at your business. In our environment every researcher is
rediscovering America. Moreover, there are local customs duties on
foreign software purchases starting from 21%. There are a lot of
procedures, approvals, red-tape.
writer works to advise on thermal power plant design software. By
asking foreign consultant friends, we learn that there are no customs
duties in Germany, in Italy, in most European countries for the
purchase of design software. Not only for the techno parks, but also
no customs tax is imposed for the normal commercial institutions.
What happens if we do not take customs tax then? We suppose that we
will see it as an opportunity to misuse and abuse the customs tax
of Istanbul KadirHas University have a study for the project of
thermal coal power plant design for domestic coal. Your writer
commented that "Turkish coal will not work with CFB (circulating
fluidized bed) technology". Because there is very large water
content in the Turkish coal. This water is ice in winter and you are
dealing with mud in the summer. Our coal is best to burn with
"Pulverized coal burning technology with pre-drying upfront"
which has proved its design by working continuously in our home
plants for 30-40 years.
equipment does the thermal power plant with this technology have? We
do not choose these according to our expertise. The required
equipment list is listed in American ASME and German norms. You need
to pay to get the last valid standard or to access the website. There
is 21% custom duty requirement to buy them.
you do not do the design - you can not, and let the strangers do on
your behalf, they use the same software. You are dependent on them.
You can not buy software that will make your own suitable design. You
are always at the bottom step of ladder of your job. Everyone in our
research centers are rediscovering the American in every
investigation. While others are building colonies in America, we can
not pass the first phase of business. We're wasting our time and
resources. Our industry lives in a large-scale copying procedure.
Only a few large local automotive companies have the ability to do
R&D. The industry wants ready-made projects and ready-made
orders, and if they do not receive, they are not interested in R&D
developed countries, R&D spending has reached to 4% of GDP (Gross
Domestic Product), whereas Turkey has only reached to 1% in recent
years. Most of the local R&D expenditures go to meaningless
projects, non-commercial jobs, duplicate work. We definitely need a
serious renewal of R&D works and innovations.
we put all NASA all the facilities, documents, equipment in Turkey
say in vast Konya plains, the travel to Moon can only be possible
with "Team of expert research staff working harmoniously".
we have enough number of competent expert staff who are harmoniously
working with each other? This is the second important question that
needs to be answered in order to go to the Moon.
Direskeneli, is a graduate of METU Mechanical Engineering department
(1973). He worked in public, private enterprises, USA Turkish JV
companies (B&W, CSWI, AEP), in fabrication, basic and detail
design, marketing, sales and project management of thermal power
plants. He is currently working as freelance consultant/ energy
analyst with thermal power plants basic/ detail design software
expertise for private engineering companies, investors, universities
and research institutions. He is a member of ODTÜ Alumni and Chamber
of Turkish Mechanical Engineers Energy Working Group.
article is written for "EurasiaReview" web site release.
April 29, 2018